7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
7.1By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services.
7.1.1Proportion of population with access to electricity.
7.1.2Proportion of population with primary reliance on clean fuels and technology.
7.2By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.
7.2.1Renewable energy share in the total final energy consumption.
7.3By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency.
7.3.1Energy intensity measured in terms of primary energy and GDP.
7.aBy 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology.
7.a.1International financial flows to developing countries in support of clean energy research and development and renewable energy production, including in hybrid systems.
7.bBy 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support.
7.b.1Installed renewable energy-generating capacity in developing countries (in watts per capita).