16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
16.1Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.
16.1.1Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age.
16.1.2Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause.
16.1.3Proportion of population subjected to (a) physical violence, (b) psychological violence and (c) sexual violence in the previous 12 months.
16.1.4Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live.
16.2End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children.
16.2.1Proportion of children aged 1–17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month.
16.2.2Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation.
16.2.3Proportion of young women and men aged 18–29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18.
16.3Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all.
16.3.1Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms.
16.3.2Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population.
16.3.3Proportion of the population who have experienced a dispute in the past two years and who accessed a formal or informal dispute resolution mechanism, by type of mechanism.
16.4By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime.
16.4.1Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars).
16.4.2Proportion of seized, found or surrendered arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments.
16.5Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.
16.5.1Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months.
16.5.2Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months.
16.6Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels.
16.6.1Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar).
16.6.2Proportion of population satisfied with their last experience of public services.
16.7Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.
16.7.1Proportions of positions in national and local institutions, including (a) the legislatures; (b) the public service; and (c) the judiciary, compared to national distributions, by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups.
16.7.2Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group.
16.8Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance.
16.8.1Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations.
16.9By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration.
16.9.1Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age.
16.10Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements.
16.10.1Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months.
16.10.2Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information.
16.aStrengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime.
16.a.1Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles.
16.bPromote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development.
16.b.1Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law.