6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
6.1By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.
6.1.1Proportion of population using safely managed drinking water services.
6.2By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.
6.2.1Proportion of population using (a) safely managed sanitation services and (b) a hand-washing facility with soap and water.
6.3By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.
6.3.1Proportion of domestic and industrial wastewater flows safely treated.
6.3.2Proportion of bodies of water with good ambient water quality.
6.4By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.
6.4.1Change in water-use efficiency over time.
6.4.2Level of water stress: freshwater withdrawal as a proportion of available freshwater resources.
6.5By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate.
6.5.1Degree of integrated water resources management.
6.5.2Proportion of transboundary basin area with an operational arrangement for water cooperation.
6.6By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes.
6.6.1Change in the extent of water-related ecosystems over time.
6.aBy 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies.
6.a.1Amount of water- and sanitation-related official development assistance that is part of a government-coordinated spending plan.
6.bSupport and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.
6.b.1Proportion of local administrative units with established and operational policies and procedures for participation of local communities in water and sanitation management.